Glossary

ACARYA m. or ACARYA f. Spiritual teacher qualified to teach all lessons of meditation.
ANANDA. Divine bliss.
APARA. Objective; controlled. See also PARA.
APARABHAKTI. Attraction to Apara Brahma, the expressed aspect of BRAHMA. See also PARABHAKTI.
ATMA, ATMAN. Soul, consciousness, PURUSA, pure cognition. The atman of the Cosmos is PARAMATMAN, and that of the unit is the jiivatman.
AVADHUTA m. or AVADHUTIKA f. Literally, “one who is thoroughly cleansed mentally and spiritually”; a monk or nun of an order close to the tradition of Shaeva Tantra.
AVARANII SHAKTI. An expression of avidya shakti, or AVIDYA, which one experiences as the delusion “If I do not think about the Supreme, the Supreme will not think about me either, and I will escape the consequences of my past actions.”
AVIDYA. Ignorance; centrifugal, or extroversial, force; force of repulsion from the Nucleus Consciousness; aspect of the Cosmic Operative Principle which guides movements from the subtle to the crude. See also VIDYÁ.

BHAKTA. Devotee.
BHAKTI. Devotion.
BRAHMA. Supreme Entity, comprising both PURUSA, or SHIVA, and PRAKRTI, or SHAKTI.

CAKRA. Cycle or circle; psycho-spiritual centre, or plexus. The cakras in the human body are all located along the susumna canal which passes through the length of the spinal column and extends up to the crown of the head. Some cakras, however, are associated with external concentration points. The concentration points for the cakras: (1) for the muladhara cakra, the base of the spine, above the perineum; (2) for the svadhisthana, the base of the genital organ; (3) for the manipura, the navel; (4) for the anahata, the mid-point of the chest; (5) for the vishuddha, the throat; (6) for the ajina, between the eyebrows; and (7) for the sahasrara, the crown of the head.

DEVA. Mythologically, a god, a deity. Philosophically, any vibration, or expression, emanating from the Cosmic Nucleus.
DEVATA. Mythologically, a god or goddess. Philosophically, a minor expression of a DEVA, controlled and supervised by the deva. (Deva and devata are sometimes used interchangeably.)
DHARMA. Characteristic property; spirituality; the path of righteousness in social affairs.
DHYEYA. Object of meditation.

HLADINII SHAKTI, RADHIKA SHAKTI. An expression of vidya shakti, or VIDYA, which one experiences as a desire to do something practical towards spiritual attainment.

JIIVA. An individual being.
JIIVATMA. See ATMA.
JINANA. Knowledge; understanding.
JINANII. A SADHAKA who follows the path of knowledge or discrimination.

KALA. Time.
KARMA. Action.
KARMII. A SADHAKA who follows the path of action or work.
KIIRTANA. Collective singing of the name of the Lord, sometimes combined with a dance that expresses the spirit of surrender.
KRSNA. The historical Krsna of about 1500 BCE played two roles. In His early youth He awakened the devotion and spiritual ardour of one and all in Gokula and Vrindavana. As an adult, as a great ksatriya leader and king, He played a pivotal role in a campaign (known as the Mahabharata) to unify India and to restore DHARMA. Philosophically the word Krsna has been used in many ways, particularly to represent PURUSOTTAMA.

MAHAMAYA, MAYA. Creative Principle, PRAKRTI in Her phase of creation. One aspect of Maya is the power to cause the illusion that the finite created objects are the ultimate truth.
MANTRA. A sound or collection of sounds which, when meditated upon, will lead to spiritual liberation. A mantra is incantative, pulsative, and ideative.
MOKSA. Spiritual emancipation, non-qualified liberation.
MUKTI. Spiritual liberation.

NIYATI. Fate.

PAPA. Sin.
PARA. Subjective; controlling. See also APARA.
PARABHAKTI. Highest devotion to the Supreme; devotion to Para Brahma, the unexpressed aspect of BRAHMA. See also APARABHAKTI.
PARAMA PURUSA. Supreme Consciousness.
PARAMATMA, PARAMÁTMAN. Supreme Consciousness in the role of witness of His own macropsychic conation. Paramatman comprises: (1) PURUSOTTAMA, the Macrocosmic Nucleus; (2) Purusottama’s association with all creation in His extroversive movement (prota yoga); and (3) Purusottama’s association with each unit creation individually (ota yoga) and (4) with all collectively (prota yoga) in His introversive movement.
PRAKRTI, PARAMA PRAKRTI. Cosmic Operative Principle.
PURUSA. Consciousness.
PURUSOTTAMA, PARAMASHIVA. The Nucleus Consciousness, the witness of saincara (extroversion from the Nucleus) and pratisaincara (introversion to the Nucleus).

QUINQUELEMENTAL. Composed of the ethereal, aerial, luminous, liquid and solid factors, or elements.

RADHA. In mythology, the foremost female devotee of Lord KRSNA; hence metaphorically any devotee (and all unit consciousnesses are, knowingly or unknowingly, devotees).
RADHIKA SHAKTI. See HLADINII SHAKTI.

SADHAKA. Spiritual practitioner.
SADHANA. Literally, “sustained effort”; spiritual practice; meditation.
SAMADHI. “Absorption” of the unit mind into the Cosmic Mind (savikalpa samádhi) or into the ATMAN (nirvikalpa samádhi).
SAMSKARA. Mental reactive momentum, potential mental reaction.
SAMVIT SHAKTI. An expression of vidya shakti, or VIDYA, which one experiences as the realization that life has a higher purpose.
SHAKTI. PRAKRTI; energy; a deification of Prakrti.
SHASTRA. Scripture.
SHIVA. A great Tantric guru of 5000 BCE who guided society while His mind was absorbed in Consciousness; hence, Infinite Consciousness, PURUSA.
SHLOKA. A Sanskrit couplet expressing one idea.
SVABHAVA. Nature.

TANTRA. A spiritual tradition which originated in India in prehistoric times and was first systematized by SHIVA. It emphasizes the development of human vigour, both through meditation and through confrontation of difficult external situations, to overcome all fears and weaknesses. Also, a scripture expounding that tradition.

VEDA. Literally, “knowledge”; hence, a composition imparting spiritual knowledge. Also, a religious or philosophical school which originated among the Aryans and was brought by them to India. It is based on the Vedas and emphasizes the use of ritual to gain the intervention of the gods.
VIDYA. Centripetal, or introversial, force; force of attraction to the Nucleus Consciousness; aspect of the Cosmic Operative Principle which guides movements from the crude to the subtle. See also AVIDYA.
VIKSEPA SHAKTI. An expression of avidya shakti, or AVIDYA, which one experiences as the delusion that if one remains aloof from the Supreme, the Supreme will not be in a position to control his or her destiny.

YADRCCHA. Accident.
YOGA. Spiritual practice leading to unification of the unit ATMAN with PARAMATMAN.

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